How and why to hire an Interior Designer.

For making a new place or redecorating a space we may need an Interior Designer, Interior Decorator or even an Architect. The point is how and why to hire an Interior Designer.

First of all let us make it clear that Interior Designer, Interior Decorator and Architect are not one and the same professionals. Let me try to explain in my words:

Interior Designer : One who is capable of designing the interiors. Can make drawings, can do the planning on paper in a professional way using drawings, design concepts and who has done some study on the subject for atleast 3 to 5 years on the subject.

Interior Decorator: This person can be an Interior Designer as well and who has started taking up the entire projects. Also this person is a contractor who can execute the plan and design of the Interior Designer or Architect. Gradually with his experience he has graduated to be an Interior Designer.

Architect: This person is an expert in construction and has complete knowledge on how to plan, design, construct, source, hire vendors and also each and every portion and part of construction. This includes electrical, plumbing, civil, interiors etc. Later during the career this person can choose some specialization like, civil, interiors, structure of any niche segment. They has have spent time studying every aspect of their field of specialization.

The above classifications will help us in making it clear about how and why to hire an Interior Designer.

Now let us come to our point of the topic, how and why to hire an Interior Designer. After reading above points I am sure you are clear about following lines:

All Interior Designers are not Interior Contractors & Architects.

All Interior Decorators are not Interior Designers & Architects.

And above everything else All Architects can be Interior Designers, Interior Decorators and of course Architects. Hence, Interior Designing and Interior Decoration is just a part of the entire Architectural work.

Again this adds up to make it clear how and why to hire an Interior Designer.

First things first, make the list of things you want to get done. You must know what you want. This is the most important thing. As you are planning to hire and Interior Designer this means that you want something or other to be done for which you are looking for an expert or an helping hand. So make sure you have maximum details of what you want. This is one reason on how and why to hire an Interior Designer.

Next is the budget. Make a tentative estimate or budgeting of the work. In other words, how much money you are ready to put into the work. Also if possible you must be ready with the type of designing you are looking for, like ethnic, modern etc. Another point to keep in mind while deciding upon
how and why to hire an Interior Designer.

Now survey the market to get the interior designers of your choice. Unless you are sure about, I suggest to atleast talk and research about minimum three to four professionals. Meet them in person, talk to them and also make sure to check atleast three each recent of past projects done by the professionals. After you are sure of hiring the particular professional have one more meeting with the person. This is also a very important step while deciding on how and why to hire an Interior Designer.

After you decide on with whom you want to go ahead and deciding upon the cost and fees, always talk to him/her on following points:

  1. Give information about your taste and needs.
  2. Give information about your likes and dislikes.
  3. Your preference of colours and material to be used.
  4. Your living style and standard.
  5. Most important is your budget.

These are the above main points you should consider talking to your designers before you start with the planning. This will save your time as well as the time of your designer. All designers know about the above components and they will talk to you on this. But it is always better if you know about these points and both of you are in sync on the above points. This will save you time, money, work and rework. Now I think you are much more confident about how and why to hire an Interior Designer.

After both of you have finished discussion on the above points. The next step is the “Pre Estimate – Pre View”. Here your designer will make a first design, estimate and overall view. Now both of you can have few meetings on this and do the necessary tweaking, changes on this. You can have an initial view, idea of overall design, working plan, add some new ideas and also remove some ideas you do not want. This will again give you an idea of the cost of the work. After seeing this set of work you can make necessary changes to the design to match with you budget. Here you can also plan to increase or decrease the budget.

Final Design

Now you must work on finalising the final design. This is the most important part of your work. Give your time and concentration on finalising your final design. Your final design is the thing that will be enacted and layed on the floor, walls and ceilings.

Decide on Time of the project

After finalising the design you must talk on the time of completion of the project. There may be many issues that may arise during the actual working at the site. Make it clear about the flexibility regarding the time of completion. In India, many things may go wrong. My advice is to add 20 to 30% extra on time agreed between you and the designer. Nothing is impossible, so if you do not want to be flexible and you want the deadline to be met, make this clear between you and your designer.

Implementation with sequence of the work.

Work can be done in sequence. One thing cannot start till something else has been done. Make a flow chart of the work. Few things can be done simultaneously. Plan the requirement of funds. Many a time projects get delayed due to non availability of funds on time. So flow chart of the work and availability of funds with clarity of work is very important. Any change you make to your plan will change your timeline.

The most cumbersome and difficult task is to handle and manage different agencies who will be doing different jobs like flooring, furniture, paint, electrical, plumbing and many other small and important things. Do decide on who will be managing them and getting the work done.

Taking the Handover.

You will have to take the handover from your contractor, interior decorator or interior designer of the project after the work has been completed. While taking the handover following things must be taken note of:

  1. Checking the final work. Highlighting all reasonable issues and problems.
  2. Getting the rectifications done.
  3. Taking list of Vendors and Suppliers name, address and phone numbers with warranties, guarantees and service warranties with vendors and suppliers.
  4. Meeting personally (if possible) with all the vendors so that you have direct contact with all vendors. This is because you will be using the space.

After Handover Service.

Always agree with your designer, vendors and contractors about after handover service. Make it clear with them as to how much and on what points they will be giving the after handover service and for what time. Always prefer the vendor and designer who is ready to give your after handover services. If they are agreeing on this, they are responsible and will ensure proper work and material.

Please do leave your comments. For any questions you can write to me at

How to avoid falling from stairs ?

Falling from stairs is a very dangerous. It can be a major loss for elderly people if they fall from stairs. It is very important to take precautions on this and avoid this accident. Let us discuss how to protect ourselves from falling from stairs ? Let us discuss the reasons and solutions to this mishap of falling from the stairs. How to protect ourselves from falling from stairs ?

Few main reasons we slip may be as below:

  • Wrong size of stairs.
  • Worn or old stairs.
  • Improper slope of the steps of the stairs.
  • No stair railings.
  • Improper or no lights in staircase.Few are the above reasons why we fall due to some practical reasons why people fall from the stairs. Other reasons for falling from stairs can be:
  • Medical reasons of non balancing, weak legs, bad eyesight, overall weakness.
  • Improper dress.
  • Improper shoes and sandals.
  • Careless use of stairs.

Above are quite a few or almost main reasons why we fall from stairs. If you think any other reasons please do leave your comments below. This will help our fellow readers. So do spare some time and leave your comments.

Now let us come to the section how to avoid falling from stairs ? What are the steps we should take to avoid falling from stairs.

1. Size of the Stairs :
When you are planning stairs keep the stair riser height upto 6 inches and do not cross above 8 inches in any case. Keep this same throughout your entire staircase. Even a slight mistake in this can be very very dangerous. People may fall or loose their balance in the step that has the slightest of variation.
Alongwith this the depth of the step should also be uniform and equal. Any minor change in this can be equally fatal.

2.  Railing:
Do not underestimate the importance of railings. Railings help us in keeping our balance and regaining our balance while climbing or coming down the stairs. Holding the railings ensures safety and reduces the possibility of falling from the stairs. Do plan to have proper and strong railing in your staircase.

3.  Proper Light in Staircase:
This is another silly reason we fall from stairs. Even after having everything perfect, people fall from stairs when there is no proper light. So make sure that the staircase is properly lit. Invest in proper lighting of the staircase.

Some steps that can be taken if you are planning to construct a new staircase or putting up new stairs.

4.  Rough texture line near the edge of stair step:
If you are planning to put a stone stair like granite of marble, you can plan a straight line running along the width of the stair which should be rough in finish. The rough stretch of line on a smooth step of the stair can work as a barrier incase you slip on the stair step. This line should be on all steps of the stairs. This can be of help.
But with the usage this roughness can become smooth and slippery. You may have to re do the roughness after some time.

5.  Groove Lines on the steps of the stairs.
We have seen straight 2 to 3 groove line on the steps of the stairs running from one end of the stair to another. These lines can also work as an immediate barrier to the slip. But I have my own doubts about this. There are rare chances of these grooves being of any help to you when you slip as they are depressed towards the stone step. When you slip on a smooth surface how can a depressed line stop you from slipping or falling. I personally do not recommend this as a solution.

6.  Metal Strips inserted in the grooves.
This is somewhat helpful. As on the above point we just have the grooves, but in this case we have the grooves and in those grooves a metal strip of around 4 to 5 mm thick are inserted and a part of that metal strip comes out and above the surface of the stair. These metal strips can of course be useful. But with passage of time they may look attractive but may become slippery by themselves.

7.  Abrasive tapes near the edge of the steps.
This is one of the best solution to stop you and protect you from slipping from the stairs. These tapes are super effective and easy to install, reinstall or remove. They are very convenient to have. The tapes can be used on all type of stairs – new, old, stone, wood, tile, glass, metal or any other stair.
If you want to be double sure you can put two lines of tapes which will ensure that you never slip from the stairs.

8.  Stair Nose on the edge of the Stairs.
Another solution is that you can put stair nose on the edge of the stair. These stair nose can be of wood, metal or steel. If you have a very high traffic area and want instant solution for slipping from the stairs, you can install stair nose of iron angles. The iron angles must be firmly fixed on the stairs by nuts bolts, screws and if possible by welding etc. The stair nose should not be loose fixed to avoid any accident due to loose fixing.

These are few solutions for avoiding the accident of falling from stairs or slipping from the stairs. Hope this has been useful. Please do leave your comments below.

For similar topics in hindi and in video, please visit our YouTube Channel – Interior Dost (Click Here)

How to organise shoes ?

How to organise Shoes, this is the topic of this blog article.  Shoes are very important in our lives.  They make you look smart, confident and also protects you from cold, heat and thrones.  So let us try to understand how to organise shoes or how to organise shoes.

First of all let us calculate approximate number of shoes we have in our homes.  We will list the number of people we have in our homes, they may be like below (may vary from people to people and places to places).  This will make our work easy and help us to understand how to organise shoes.

Father – We presume he will have 4 pair or shoes and slippers.
Mother – We presume she will have 6.
Your – We presume you will have 8.
Spouse – We presume your spouse will have 8.
Brother – He will also have 6 to 8.
Sister – She will also have 6 to 8.
Son- Let say he will have around 4.
Daughter – Let us say she will also have 4.
Say one more member – Add around 5 for him/her.

Now let us add the number of shoes and slippers.

The total number of shoes and slippers in any house here works out to 55.

Now let us take some margin on this, let us presume that any modern house will have minimum of 60 shoes and slippers.

Again we need to do some maths.

Now we have 9 members and each one of them will have 2 pairs each for frequent use. 

This figure comes out to 18.  Again add 2 more to this, our figure of frequent used shoes or slippers is now 20.  So 55 – 20 = 35,  we have 35 more pairs which will not be used so frequently.

Let us have fresh figures off hand, from our above calculations which make our work easy to know how to organise shoes ?

(A)  Frequently used shoes and slippers. (20 Nos)
(B)  Occasionally used shoes and slippers. (35 Nos)

In case the examples we have taken does not match your numbers, please feel free to change them as per your figures.  If the numbers are less, it is a good news and if the numbers are more – you need more.

Now our requirement is to have two different shoe racks.  One for the frequently used shoes and slippers and another for occasionally used ones.

Let us give them some technical names – FS Rack and OS Rack.  FS is Frequently Used and OS is Occasionally Used.

Hope you have got the point of how to organise the shoes.  My be you do not need to read further.

The FS Rack – Frequently used shoes and slippers should be stored or kept near the entrance door.

Have a decent shoe rack near the entrance door to keep and hide the shoes in the rack.  The rack should look nice, should be low height and it must be easy to access, specially for children.  This Shoe Rack, we will call it Door Shoe Rack needs to accommodate minimum 18 to 20 shoes and slippers.  This resolves our topic of how to organise shoes ?

Now the next shoe rack, “The OS Rack”, which you may have to keep in your balcony, terrace of somewhere in the inner circle of your house or apartment.  The place for this is to be found by you.  The possible places can be as below:

  1. Balcony or terrace.
  2. Foyer
  3. Under the staircase.
  4. Platform of the staircase
  5. Bathroom (if you can manage and arrange)
  6. Bottom cabinet of a cupboard or almirah.

Above are the six places you can put your second shoe rack.  Always plan for two shoe racks in your house.  One shoe rack will not be a good idea.  You will always feel overwhelmed to see shoes and slippers lying here and there in your house.

Of course few slippers and one or two shoes can be placed in open if you are not very particular about this.  Bathroom slippers will be in the bathrooms and if you do not allow shoes in your house you can have some house slippers lying in the open for easy access.

Along with this it is recommended to plan for keeping helmets if you have two wheelers in your house.  One two wheeler or bike will make 2 helmets.

Hope the idea of having two shoe racks was useful and helpful to you.  Please do leave your comments and inputs in the comment section below.

To watch such videos in hindi do visit my Youtube Channel – InteriorDost.


How to redecorate your bedroom

How to redecorate your bedroom ? This is the topic of the blog.  You have a bedroom which now you want to redecorate.  By redecorate we mean two things.

1. First, you want a total makeover of your room.  You want your room to look totally different that what it looks today.  Here you want some major works to be done and you want to redecorate your bedroom.

2. Second one is that you like your room as it is.  The features and and facilities you have in your room are nice and sufficient.  But you want your room to look different than it looks now, this means you want to redecorate your bedroom.

For the first option it is recommended to hire an Architect or at least an Interior Designer.  Sit with him or her and discuss what all things you want to have in your room.  What are the major changes you want to be done in your room.  Architect or Interior Designers will guide you through the process of having all those things in your room and they will make your room look new and attractive as well.

For the second option, this article will be of help to you.

Let us try to understand what are the things that are in a bed room.  Let us jot them down in a list format:

  1. Ceiling.
  2. Walls.
  3. Windows.
  4. Flooring.
  5. Bed.
  6. Mattress.
  7. Cupboard.
  8. Curtains.
  9. Doors.
  10. Attached Bathroom.
  11. Lights.
  12. Air Conditioner.
  13. Ceiling Fan or Fan.

Above are the thirteen things that are there in any bed rooms.  Now if your bedroom is bigger, you may have few more things like:

  1. (14)  Study Table.
  2. (15)  Seating Space.

Now you want to redecorate your bedroom.  So take my inputs on each item what you should do, so that you bedroom looks fresh and elegant for you.  Anything that you do not want to change may be ignored.

  1. Ceiling –  This part of your bed room is responsible for adding following components, facility and features in your room.
    (a)  Will reflect the light all over the room or hold the lights if you are opting for ceiling mounted lights.
    (b)  Hold the Ceiling Fan in your room which is very important.
    (c)  Make your room hot in summers if you do not have construction over it.
    So keep the ceiling white always and preferably.  White ceiling is the safe choice and it looks great and is always an added component in any room or interiors (unless required by design and decor).
    Always opt for the latest or new ceiling fan as technology keeps on changing and new fans are more efficient and also adds a fresh feel and look to any room.  Even if you use Air Conditioners, you may like to use ceiling fan when you do not want to use the AC.
    If you have hot summers and you do not have anything above your bedroom you can plan for false ceiling in your rooms.  This all for ceiling to redecorate your bedroom.
  2. Walls – They are the actual friends of your room and ofcourse your friend as well.  You have option of painting the wall, wall papering and wall panelling.  Painting takes lot of time and makes lot of dirt and dust in your home, but is economical in comarision to Wall Paper and Wall Panel.  Wall paper adds lot of energy and life to your room and is fast and easy to install.  Wall Panel on the other hand adds lots of value and richness to your room but again is time consuming, costly affair and may create lot of dust and dirt if your are opting for wooden wall panelling.
    You can choose anything from the above.  My suggestion here is to mix wall paper and paint.  One wall wallpaper and other three or remaining walls paint.  To make the work more easier, highlight one wall with designer wall paper and other three walls plain or textured printed wall paper.  This is what is required to redecorate your bedroom.
  3. Windows – Windows are the accessories of your room.  Always treat them like the accessory or jewellery of the room.  Give special focus and time in choosing the window covering.  This depends on your personal taste, privacy factor, location of your room.  You have three options here.  Go for simple curtains, next is curtains plus sheer curtain and last but not least window blinds.  There are many options in blinds again.  You can choose as per your taste and requirement.  Do not forget to put black out lining in the back of the curtain if you are opting for curtains.  This lining will protect your curtain from fading and also give a beautiful fall and weight to your curtain.
    Now the actual window should be decent and nice.  If your windows are very old (really looking old), redo them or have a new window altogether.  If you live in crowded places where outdoor noise an issue, go for double glass UPVC or factory made Aluminium Window (not the site fabricated ones).
    Doing this with your windows will help you to redecorate your bedroom.
  4. Flooring – This is the thing which your body will feel whenever you enter your room and also you will feel the floor when you leave your bed in the morning.  My personal favorite is Wooden Flooring.  I will suggest you to have wooden flooring in your bedroom.  Other options you have for your bed room are Wall to Wall Carpets and Premium Vinyl Flooring.  Wall to Wall Carpets are great if you live in a house which has less of dust.
    Vinyl Floorings have lots of options, that is why I am specifically mentioning here to use premium vinyl flooring.  They look great and last for life.
    Flooring is a must to redecorate your bedroom.
  5. Bed –  The name of the room is due to this wonderful thing “The Bed”.  That is why it is called bedroom.  Bed must be such that you like it.  Do not forget to add a decent and attractive headboard.  Headboard means the wall on which your head rests when you sit on you bed.  The headboard of your bed can add lot of beauty and style to your bedroom.  There are many options in headboard.  You can quilt and design your headboard using fabric, rexine (leatherite), leather.  Also available are PU Molded Tiles which can be used on your headboard.
    Try accommodating side tables beside your bed.  If not possible to have two you must atleast have one side table beside your bed.  This item will be of great use to you for life.
    Now you know what to do with bed to redecorate your bedroom.
  6. Mattress – What is the use of Bed without a mattress on it.  Always invest on your mattress.  Buy a good decent mattress which should look great and should be comfortable to you.  Do not ignore this wonderful thing.  This should be your most important component in the bedroom.  You can just ignore all other things if you have a great mattress.
    Along with this other important things and companions of mattress are pillows, extra pillows, pillow covers, bed sheets and bed covers.  Do invest on these items they will make your bedroom look like a star hotel room.
    Mattresses can by themselves redecorate your bedroom.
  7. Cupboard – Cupboards are must have in any bed room.  In a life you need many things.  You should plan your cupboards accordingly.  Before this please note that we are talking about bedrooms and not cupboard rooms.  Many a times people convert their bed room into cupboard rooms.  Only have cupboards in bed room if you have space for them and they will not eat away your bedroom.  The above lines suffice my point on cupboards.  This is what I have to say regarding cupboards when you redecorate your bedroom.
  8. Curtains – This item has already been discussed in window segment.  Do not take curtains or blinds lightly.  They add a lot of character and value to your room.
  9. Doors – should look smart from outside and inside as well.  You must feel nice to see your doors from outside the room as well as inside the room.  Spend some time to make them nice, strong, attractive and functional.
    They must be closed fully when you close.  When you want your private time in your room they should not have gaps and holes in them.  Doors can play an important role when you redecorate your bedroom.
  10. Attached Bathroom –  This is a must in modern day living.  We will discuss this area in another article.  But for immediate response let us put some important points here.
    The bathing area should not be immediately near the door of your attached bathroom.  You must have a glass cubical for bathing.
    The attached bathroom floor must be at least 4 inches down from your room floor, so that water do not flow in the room.
    The attached bathroom should be clean and dry, so keep proper drainage.
    You must have proper exauste in the bathroom to throw away the foul smell of the bathroom.
    Floor of the attached bathroom should not be slippery.  Attached bathrooms are very important when you redecorate your bedroom.
  11. Lights–  The bedroom should have sufficient and proper light.  The bedroom must have sufficient light.  You can have decorative lights and lamps as per your choice and taste.  But minimum things you need are sufficient illuminating main light and another  is the night lamp which you can use at night without disturbing you bed mate.  Lights can make and break any interior decorations.  So always be very particular and give importance to lights when you redecorate your bedroom.
  12. Air Conditioner –  are a must in modern living.  They will give you a peaceful sleep in summers.  Here I would like to specially mention that you opt for Split Air Conditioner (Split AC).  Split AC does not make noise inside the room, they are more efficient in cooling.  They look good in any room.  Here I would like to specially mention that you should plan to have voltage stabiliser installed in some hidden space so they do not spoil the beauty and elegance of your room, do think about them.
  13. Ceiling Fan or Fan –  This point has already been discussed in our Ceiling Section.

Above are the thirteen things that are there in any bed rooms.  Now if your bedroom is bigger, you may have few more things like:

  1. (14)  Study Table – If you have this wonderful thing in your bedroom, do plan to have this item having a minimum width of 4 ft and a cupboard and a drawer to store and hide the things which you use while using the study table.  Also plan some extra storage (not necessary) above the table to keep your books and additional things.  Preferably the study table of the bed room must be wall facing.  You should have a dedicated light for the study table which should not be very bright.  This is so that you do not disturb your roommate if you have to use the table in nights or other persons sleeping time.
  2. (15)  Seating Space or Chairs or Recliners – They are great if you have space in your room.  Do not overburden you bed room with these things if you have less space for all these things.  Its your bedroom, so let it be.I have not mentioned TV in this article.  TVs are not meant to be in bedrooms, keep them away and outside your bedroom.  I am sure you will renovate your bed room wonderfully after reading this blog.  Do share your renovated room pictures with me on my email see videos on such topics in hindi do visit my Youtube Channel InteriorDost.Your comments are welcome.  Please do leave your comments in the comment section.  Thanks for reading.


What is the Difference between POP and Wall Putty.

What is the difference between POP and Wall Putty ?  

Let us try to understand the difference between POP and Wall Putty.  POP is also called Gypsum Plaster.  Wall Putty is a cement based plaster which is used to finish the fresh walls before painting.  Both POP and Wall Putty are used to create a good base before painting the walls.  Many times both people find it difficult to understand what is the difference between POP and Wall Putty.

difference between pop and wall putty.

Let us make it simple to read and understand we will use bullet points.  The points makes it short and easy to understand.

First let us discuss POP also called Gypsum Plaster.

  • Used in Interior Walls.
  • Cannot and should not be used in exterior walls.
  • The POP can cover an undulation on walls of around 10 to 15mm.
  • The average setting time of POP is around 5 minutes.  To prolong its setting you have to add water.
  • Gives a very smooth finish to the wall.
  • Gypsum is fire resistant.
  • POP or Gypsum plaster is a very good heat insulator.  Can reduce indoor temperature.
  • Does not shrink or crack after setting.
  • You can do almost any time of design and ornamental work using POP or Gypsum Plaster.
  • difference between pop and wall putty.
    Ornamental Work
  • It is a very economical product.
  • Less Water resistant.  Can absorb water.
  • After applying POP, curing or watering is not required.
  • It is very easy to apply.

Main company in India selling this product is Sakarni marketed by Jai Durga.  However it is a natural product found in Rajasthan which is processed by other companies as well.

Now let us talk about Wall Putty.

Wall Putty is a white cement based product manufactured using some polymers, chemicals and resins.  The leading brand in this field is Birla White Putty.  Let us understand what is difference between POP and Wall Putty.  Now let us understand Wall Putty.

  • Can be applied in outdoor walls also and can be applied in indoor walls as well.
  • Wall Putty is more durable in comparison to POP.
  • The bonding of wall putty with wall is more firm and strong.
  • If properly mixed and applied can give good finish.
  • Wall Putty is water resistant, does not absorb water.
  • Easy to apply but a bit difficult in comparison to POP.  Needs some amount of skill.
  • Made of White Cement + Polymers, resins and chemicals.
  • Setting time is around 2 hours.
  • Machine mixing (stirrer) of Wall Putty is better to get best results.
  • While applying it is better to apply upwards to get better result and less wastage.
  • Multiple layer can be applied.
  • Maximum thickness cannot be more than 3mm.  Ideal thickness is 1.5mm.
  • No curing required after applying.
  • Top layer is to be finished with Emery Paper to get rid of level lines and undulations.
  • Can be used in moist walls.

To summarize what is the difference between POP and Wall Putty , a single line is more than sufficient – POP is good for indoor walls and Putty is good for outdoor walls.

To see such information in video in hindi you can visit our YouTube Channel at

Do please leave your comments below.

What are the different types of Paints ?

What are the different types of Paints ?

Paint is a liquid which can be applied on any surface, which when dries creates a thin-film on the surface the liquid is applied.  There are different options about painting.  So let us understand what are the different types of paints ?

Painting any space is very important.  There are numerous advantages of painting.  Let us take note or the 9 most important advantages of painting any space.

  1. It enhances the look of the surface that has been painted.
  2. Creates or radiates positive energy around the space.
  3. Increases the value of the space.
  4. Gives a clean and crisp look.
  5. Brightens up the space.
  6. This is the easiest way to decorate, redecorate and remodel your space.  Easiest Makeover.
  7. Enhance the life of the walls and surface and protect them from any possible damages.
  8. Minimises the dust and dirt on the walls and interiors.
  9. Improves the quality of indoor air.

If you think any other advantage of painting, please leave a comment in the comment section.

Let us briefly understand what the different types of paints.To cover it comprehensively let us try to cover almost all types of painting options.  We will cover almost all types of painting options.  This will help us in understanding more about our question of the day what are the different types of paints ?

What are the different types of Paints
White Wash with blue indigo.

White Wash 

White Wash is done using Lime Stone treated with water.  The Lime reacted water is than stirred using a very thin cloth to remove the thick part of residue.  This is done to get the fine mixture of white liquid.  Adhesive is required to be added to give better adhesion to your white wash.  Otherwise, you may face the problem of lime or white wash coming off your walls and damaging your clothes and white powder coming off on your clothes and hands.

To give more brightness to your whitewash you can add indigo to it.  Some colors pigments are also added to the white lime water and adhesive to give some unique colors to the white wash.

What are the different types of Paints
White Wash in Lime.

Personally I do not recommend this paint anymore as there are many more alternate options available now.  This completes our first point of our question, what are the different types of paints.


Distemper is the better option of paint.  We can say that distemper is a better white wash.  Distemper is made using some white powder bonded with resins and is a solution dissolved in water.  The distemper can be further dissolved in water to get a beautiful finish on your interior walls.  Distemper paint is normally available in white color base and other colors can be created by using color pigments.  Distemper paint gives a very smooth and fine finish in comparison to white wash.

There are two types of distemper – Dry Distemper and Oil based Distemper.  The dry distemper comes in powder bag whereas the oil based distemper comes in liquid form.

Distemper was the first proper paint which became popular in India.  Normally it became a synonymous to paint in India and anyone who wanted to get their homes painted use to say “Distemper karana hai”.  But these lines are gone and there are multiple options now available in the market and you can get wonderful and excellent finishes in paints.  This completes our another point of our question, what are the different types of paints.

What are the different types of Paints
Paint (Image courtesy

Emulsion Paint

Emulsion Paint is the name for paints that are normally water based paint.  In other words the paint that has been created on water solvent is called Emulsion Paint.  Emulsion is a technical name for a liquid which is made by mixing two or more liquids that do not mix properly, like water and oil.  If we try to mix oil in water or water in oil you cannot mix them.  Such a mixture of non mixable liquids or products is called emulsion.  Emulsion paints are made by mixing different products to create a paint with the main base as water.  This paint when applied on the surface creates the finish or the layer when the water in that composition gets evaporated or the paint dries.

The Emulsion paints are normally water based hence dries faster in comparison to the other family of paints which are not water based.  Generally, the emulsion paint give you a matt finish when applied.  This completes our another point of our question, what are  the different types of paints.

Enamel Paint.

Enamel paints are normally oil based or solvent based.  The solvent of the enamel paint are in general terms Thinner or Turpentine.  The thinner or turpentine works as the solvent of these enamel paint.  The other resins, pigments and chemicals which are mixed to create the enamel paint is dissolved in these oils to create the paint liquid.  The paint liquid when applied on the surface gives a smooth, glossy and thicker film when the oil like thinner, turpentine or linseed oil gets evaporated and the paint dries.

The Enamel paint takes longer time to dry in comparison to Emulsion Paint which is water based.  The Enamel paint gives a better glossy finish.  Normally enamel paints are washable and lasts longer.  In addition to the finish to the surface these paints creates a protective layer on the surface on which the enamel paint is applied.  This completes our another point of our question, what the different types of paints.

Metallic Paint.

Metallic Paints are Acrylic Emulsion Paint and are water base but gives a metallic effect and look.  These are special effect paints and can create different looks on your wall.  The design and effect can be created using various tools which can give these metallic paint a special and different look to your place.  To give the metallic feel and look to any paint some metal, specially aluminium flakes are used in the process of making the metallic paint.

What are the different types of Paints
Metallic Paint

The category of metallic paint is included in this article to give our readers the advantage of having almost all types of paints in pone page itself.  This completes our another point of our question, what are the different types of paints.

Primer Paint.

Primer paint is a very important paint component.  The primer paint is the paint that supports and enhances the performance final layer of the paint.  When applied before the final paint creates as wonderful base for the final paint.  This paint covers the pores and holes on the wall, minor cracks on the wall.  The primer paint also acts as a barrier against excessive soaking of paint by the wall or the painting surface, resulting in less consumption of the finishing paint.  The wall or the painting surface if painted with primer before actual painting can save on paint consumption.  This is so because the wall will absorb less paint and the coverage of the paint can be increased to a great extent.

What are the different types of Paints
Primer Paint on exterior walls.

Primer can be used to freshen up a dirty wall before painting.  If the surface of the wall or place you want to paint is smooth and paintable you can freshen up the wall by just painting a coat of primer and then apply the final paint.  Also if you are planning to paint a light colour paint on a dark paint.  It is mandatory to paint a coat or two of primer.

It is also recommended to apply primer on walls on which you want to put wall papers.  There are two types of primer – Water based Primer and Oil based primer.  You can use them as per your requirement.  It is always recommended to apply primer before painting on any surface like walls, wood, metal or even plastic.  The surface pre treated with primer will give better result and save on the cost and performance of the final paint.  This completes our another point of our question, what are the different types of paints.

Epoxy Paint.

Epoxy Paint is mainly an Industrial or Garage Paint which is painted on the floor.  The Epoxy paint is also painted on walls of hospitals specially the operation theater.  The walls painted with epoxy paint can be washed, cleaned and disinfected using various medical disinfectant before and after any major surgery.

What are the different types of Paints
Epoxy Painted Floor

Epoxy paint on the floor are done is some large areas like hospitals, industries, garages and warehouses.  The epoxy paint is normally done on floor for giving the floor a smooth look and finish.  It is easier to keep a smooth floor clean than a rough floor.  Lately, epoxy paint floors are being used in houses as well, but not much in India.  This is so because we have many more alternate options.  Epoxy paint is a special purpose paint.  Due to its hard finish, it is being used in various other uses like for making epoxy painted table tops.  Epoxy is a very hard and tough chemical.  Epoxy is widely used in repairing Italian Marble slabs as they are very porous and have lots of cracks in it.  Clear epoxy is used in covering the cracks and holes in italian marble and other natural stones.

At present I do not find much use of epoxy paint in residential uses.  This completes our another point of our question, what are the different types of paints.

Texture Paint.

The texture paint by its name itself explains that the surface of this type of paint gives various textures in finish.  The finish and designs are normally popular in rough and uneven finish.  Ofcourse, smooth finishes are also possible.  The uneven finish it creates on the surface is the USP of this type of paint.  Additional material like sand, wood, metal etc. are used to give the rough and uneven finish, which looks beautiful.

What are the different types of Paints
Texture Paint

Many different tools like comb, roller, sponge, trowels etc. are used while doing the texture paint.  These tools are mainly used to create the design and texture of the texture paint. To give a two tone or double colour effect various stencils and design tools are used to create different and unique look.

Normally these paints are done on one or two walls as highlighter walls.  The nearest competitor of texture paint are wall papers.  This completes our another point of our question, what are the different types of paints.

We have covered almost all types of paints available in the market at present.  Incase you have some more inputs which you would like to add to this, please do leave your comments in the comment section.




11 Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.

If it is dark and there is no source for direct light we do not have much options. Let’s evaluate 11 Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.

In modern living we may have some rooms in our apartment or house which is quiet dark and source of natural light is blocked due to some compulsion of design error.  We would surely like to make the room look brighter and useable.  Here are 10 Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright , which are easy and workable.

Let’s jump into the 11 Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright .

  1. Paint the wall in white.
    Without any thinking or discussion you can just paint the walls in white colour.  Paint is the best Interior Designer.  If you are not able to figure out what to do with any of the place, wall or object in your place, just paint it.  Painting something in a different colour can change the look and feel of the place totally different.
    Painting the dark room in white will make it look much bigger and any amount of light, be it natural or electrical can brighten the space more easily and in a better way.  The room will look smart, clean, big and soothing due to the white colour.  This is one of the Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  2. Paint the ceiling in white.
    While you paint your room in white, paint the ceiling in white as well.  By the way, the ceiling should be preferably painted in white always.  To give an one point better look you can keep the tone of ceiling and wall one point different.  This is just an option, you can paint in exactly the same shade as well.  This is another Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  3. If possible put a reasonably bigger size mirror.
    Consider putting a large size mirror in the room.  Large here means that the mirror must complement the space and its furniture.  Any size of mirror will enhance the look and feel of the space.  Also you can think of putting one or two mirror as well.  The work of the mirror will be to give a feel of increased size of the room, reflect more light and make the room look brighter.  This is one more Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  4. Have color changing mood lights options. For using in some special ways.
    This is an ornamental way of enhancing the beauty of the dark room.  If you add more feature to the room, it will become more useable.  The mood changing light will enhance the value and beauty of the room.  The brighter shade will make the room feel bright and wide whereas other colours will help you in using the space in different ways.  This is an Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  5. Have more number of light fixture.
    You must have more in number light fixtures in that room.  With the invention of LED Lights, you can reduce the electricity bill even if you have to use the light for the full day.  The reason I have asked you to install more light fixtures is so because you may need different level of brightness at different times.
    When you are not using the place much you can just keep one light switched on, which will give you the minimum light you may want.  But when you are using the space or you have guest in the space you can brighten the space.  Sufficient light in the space will make you feel nice in that dark room.  This is a very useful Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  6. Convert it into TV room, Home Theater, Study. For this type of use you may not require much brightness.
    Another option is to convert the dark room into TV room or Home Theater.  This can be taken as blessing in disguise.  We love watching videos in darker environment.  You can convert that dark room into a full fledged and functional Home Theater.  You will enjoy watching your favorite movie or programme in that nice dark, cosy room.  If possible this is an Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  7. Hang some fake long length curtain.
    The fake curtain in a small area to give look of a window will psychologically give a feel that you have kept the room dark, intentionally.  This will also give you a feel of the room being bigger and inviting.  A nice and attractive coloured drape which matches the decor of the room will add a lot to the room.  Here, please keep in mind to preferably keep the colour of the curtain in lighter tone.  The curtain should just merge with the colour of the wall and should not stand out.  It is just a camouflage effect to your dark room.  You can try this Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  8. Create a Fake Window.
    You can think of creating a fake window on the wall, mount a fake window on the wall and install sufficient LED light strips on the back of the window frame.  Keep the glass of the fake window frosted glass.   The frosted glass will diffuse the light and will keep your secret that the window in a fake and not an actual and openable window.  This window light can be kept switched on all through the day to give the required light in the room.  This an unique Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  9. Use light colour floor if you do not have one in light colour.
    If you room has a darker shade floor, you can change it to a lighter tone.  If you do not which to go for the difficult stone floor like marble or tiles, you can think of putting Vinyl Planks or Wooden Flooring.  There are many different light tone shades available in Vinyl as well as Wood.  This is another Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.
  10. Do not clutter the room, keep minimum fixtures.
    Less is more is the mantra, when it is a dark room or a space where light is an issue. Keep the room with minimum number of fixed structures or furniture.  Do not create fixed structures in that room.  The moveable, light furnitures and fixtures will work better in that space.  Try to keep them as less as possible.  This does not mean that you keep the room vacant, some fixtures are must.  Preferably keep them as light as possible.
  11. Find way to get natural light.
    The most important point not discussed is to find ways to get natural light and ventilation.  Many times we have possibilility of creating a window of whatever size which can bring in some natural light into the room.  If you have the option, first work on that.  This small trouble and investment in bringing in natural light will be of great use to you to make the room usable, livable and enhance the air quality of the room.  This is not that easy but still we would call it Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright.  Put some effort to this which will solve your problem permanently.This brings us to the end of our 11 Easy solutions to make the dark room look bright .  Hope this article was of some value to you.

To watch similar topics in video in Hindi, please visit our Youtube Channel InteriorDost (Click Here) .

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What are the different types of Stairs Options ?

What are the different types of Stairs Options ? This is the topic of discussion of this article.

Let us discuss the different types of Stairs options we have.   Here is a small list of different types of material used in stairs which gives us the answer to our question of what are the different types of Stairs Options.

  1. Stone Stairs –  Granite, Marble, Kota Stone.
  2. Simple Concrete Stairs.
  3. Wooden Stairs.
  4. Glass Stairs.
  5. Ready Made Stairs Tiles.
  6.  MS Iron for outdoors.

Let us try to understand what are the different types of Stairs Options, one by one.

Stone Stairs.

In stones we have few and many options available for using them on stairs.  We can use almost all types of stones in stairs.  Each one of the stone will give a different look to our stairs.  The very commonly used stones in stairs are – Granite, Marble, Kota Stone, Sand Stone etc.

What are the different types of stairs options
Few Granite Colour Options

Granite is the best option for stairs in heavy traffic areas as granite slabs comes prepolished from the granite processing units.  The stairs made of Granite looks great.  There is no need to polish the granite.  It looks fresh and new, for years.

Stairs gets dirty easily.  Due to high friction walking on stairs, the wear and tear of stair is very high. In high traffic areas Granite is a better option for stairs.  Granite does not take stains and marks. It is a hard stone,  Because of the hardness, wear and tear or aging is quiet low. It looks fresh and new for a much longer period.

What are the different types of stairs options
Kota Stone

 Kota Stone is also a very good option in stairs with heavy traffic having budget constraints.  There are not much colour options in Kota Stone.  Kota Stone is a Grey Colour stone which can be polished and is quiet rough and rugged.


Marble is the second best option in residential areas or hotels. This is so because the looks of the marble is soft. There are many different options available in marble.  Another advantage of Marble stairs is that Marble is a repolishable stone.  You can repolish the marble stairs.  In residential areas or even premium hotels Marble looks great.  Italian Marble looks even better if can be maintained.


What are the different types of stairs options
Beautiful Stair Case in Granite – Marble.

For very elegant and premium areas Italian Marble stairs also looks superb.

Kota Stone is the another natural stone which can be used for stairs. This is also a rough and tough stone and needs very less maintenance. Of course, you have to compromise on looks and elegance.

Simple Concrete Stairs.

Concrete is the another options for stairs.  However, these stairs may not look great or good, but are very easy to make and maintain.

Any fixed structure stairs are first made in bricks and mortar.  So initially concrete stairs are made.  They can be finished in concrete and kept as it is.  They are also finished in Terazo (White Cement plus marble or granite chips).  You can give any shape and size to these stairs.

At a later date when you feel like changing the look of these stairs, you can finish the stairs by simply decorating it with Granite, Marble or any other stone, wood or even use any other options which is available and comes to your mind at that time.

What are the different types of stairs options
Outdoor Wooden Stair Case.

Wooden Stairs.

Wooden Stairs are used mainly in indoors.  The second place where we must have seen wooden stairs are outdoor stairs in hilly areas. As the weather is mostly cold and moist there, wooden stairs are used.  Wood being a natural product tend to decay fast and frequent repairs may be required in outdoors.  But in Indoors, wooden stairs may look elegant and exclusive.  Of course, maintenance will be required to keep them looks elegant.

In many spaces you may find wooden stairs covered with Carpets and Carpet runners.  While climbing or coming down the stairs, the edge of the stair faces the maximum friction.  Due to this, the finish of the wooden stairs gets rubbed off on edges.  It is also seen that in hilly areas the wooden stairs are oil painted to enhance the life of the wood.  Wooden stairs definitely looks elegant always.

What are the different types of stairs options
Glass Stairs

Glass Stairs.

Glass is no more a fragile product.  With advancement in glass manufacturing technology stairs can now be made in glasses.  Even stronger options have been made with glass – “The Great Sky Walks”.  Glass stairs gives a premium look to your interiors and space.  They will give exclusive look but will need a good amount of maintenance to keep them look beautiful.

What are the different types of stairs options
Outdoor Iron Structure Stair Case.

What are the different types of stairs options
Spiral Iron Stair.

Metal – Iron Stairs.

Metal – MS Iron Stairs is another good option for stairs, specially outdoor stairs.  The Metal Stairs are mainly used for faster solution, flexibility and in places where there is space constraint.  The round type metal stairs are the most common.  The round, spiral metal stairs solves your problem of creating stairs when you have very little space.  Iron stairs are reasonable easier to maintain.  They have many different designs available and the Victorian designs looks great when blended with other interior designing aspects.

Tiles Stairs.

Now let us discuss the ready-made tiles stairs. These stairs are factory made using the technology to make vitrified tiles.

The advantages of these stairs..

  • Factory made.
  • Variety of colours can be created.
  • Different designs, grooves on stair nose.
  • Any size of the stairs can be created by joining or cutting different pieces of stairs.
  • Easy to remove and fix new stairs.

The main disadvantage of this product can be:

  • Faster wear and tear.
  • Discoloration.
  • Non availability of the design and color installed after some time.
  • Less in strength.

My personal vote is towards stone stairs.  They look great, last long and are very easy to maintain.

The same advantage of tile stairs is available in Ready-Made Granite and Marble Stairs, with almost no disadvantage. You can buy ready-made stairs in Granite and Marble. You can get multiple design, creativity, exclusiveness of your stairs. There are manufacturers who can provide you ready-made stairs in Granite and Marble.  Please leave your contact details for more information on ready-made Granite and Marble Stairs, we will pass on your details to the manufacturers.

Only issue with this is the small quantity of stairs required in residential projects. Also logistics and personal taste of the individual. If you have large projects, ready-made stone floors are the best solution.

We have covered almost all the possible types of material that can be used in Stairs.  This brings to the end of our question – What are the different types of Stairs Options ?  Interior Decoration and Construction is an ever evaluating field.  New things and options keeps on coming.  If you have more options of material that can be used in stairs, please do leave your comments below.

To watch video on this topic in hind, please visit our YouTube Channel – Interior Dost.

What is Bird Spike and Bird Net ?

What is Bird Spike and Bird Net ?

Birds are beautiful.  They look great in any natural habitat.  In modern day living people do not like birds to stay and live in the places they live in.  The main reason why people do not like bird to near their habitat are dirt, bird droppings, feathers  bird spread around the place they live and sound bird make.  People want to find way to keep birds away and out of places they live.  Bird Spikes and bird net comes into place to keep the birds away from places you do not want them to be in.

First of all let us understand Bird Spikes.

Bird spikes are sharp or semi sharp pointed plastic or metal spikes which can be fixed on places where normally birds make their home or place of rest.  They can also be installed in places you do not want the birds to come, stay and make the place dirty with their feathers, droppings, eggs, sounds and noise and so many things birds bring  with them.  Bird spikes are fixed on all the surfaces where normally birds come and stay.  The bird spikes makes it difficult and even impossible for birds to sit on the place where bird spikes are installed.  It is seen that humans mainly do not like birds to stay indoor and make the place dirty with their droppings.

The bird spike must not be very sharp which may kill the bird.  It is recommended to have a blunt point spike which does not enter the body of the bird.  If the spikes are very sharp it may enter the body of the bird and kill it.  This will cause additional problem of

  • killing a life,
  • removing the body of dead birds,
  • droppings of blood due to the sharp object that has stabbed the bird.

Another point is that the material by which the spike is made must be a bit flexible so that it does not break when a big size bird tries to sit on the spike.

Bird spikes are generally screwed on the walls and places where they are installed.  They can also be installed using silicon adhesive, but in this case you may have to install and reinstall the spike whenever it comes off.

Now let us discuss Bird Nets

The reason for using bird nets are also the same as using the bird spikes.  Bird nets are used in places where you cannot install bird spikes or bird spikes are not effective.  Suppose you do not want the birds to enter any particular area, here you have to install the bird net.  The bird nets are available in different colours, but transparent or white birds nets are better as it will not disturb the looks and feel of the place the bird net is installed.  It will not disturb the elevation.  It is normally seen that bird nets are installed in balcony of flats, just under the ceiling – specially under those ceilings where the design allows the birds to make their place of rest.

The problem with bird net is that when birds try to cross the net they may get entangled in the net, they may leave feathers entangled on the net which may look bad.  Also due to weather aging and frequent effort of birds to enter the area the net may get damaged.  It is very important to install the bird nets which are weather aging proof.  Also it is important that the bird net is fixed properly and nicely stretched so that it looks smart and nice.  A loosely installed bird net looks very shabby and untidy and also allows the birds to seat and hang on the net itself.

These two products – bird spike and bird nets are great product where you want to check and control the entry and staying of birds.  They have improved the look and feel of many heritage building.  These products have made the life of a housewife easier as they do not have to clean the balcony too frequently.

Hope you liked reading this blog –  What is Bird Spike and Bird Net ?.  If you have some more inputs to this please do consider leaving your comments.

To view this type of videos please do watch the YouTube Channel – Interior Dost.

What are the different types of flooring options ?

What are the different types of flooring options ?

There are many different types of flooring options which can be used in any house of offices. Most of them are common for homes and commercial space and few are exclusively for commercial spaces. Let us try to understand the different types of flooring options available.

We all love to read in points. So let us write in points.

1. PCC cement floor. This is a simple cement based PCC floor looks like cement plaster.

2. Terazzo or Granite and marble chips mixed in white cement with colour added to it. In this different chips of different coloured stones are mixed in white cement. Some colour is also added to white cement and floor is layed. After this the floor is cut with polishing machine to give it smooth finish.

3. Marble floor. There are many different types of marbles available in the market. India is rich is range and variety of marbles. Makrana has calcium based marbles and other marbles are dolomite. Marble floorings give soft feel and look.  Marble flooring is good for residential, hotels, temples, churches, mosques flooring.  You will feel pleasant to walk and stay in areas installed with marble flooring.

4. Italian Marble Floor. I am keeping Italian Marble separate from rest of marbles because this is a totally different marble which is very soft and also gives a very soft look. Takes polish very nicely and gives any space an elegant and exclusive look.  Italian Marble is even more soft and smooth.  They are not very rough and tough to use unlike other marbles available in India.  Italian Marble flooring gives an elegant and exclusive look to any five star hotel, premium residential space.  This is so because Italian Marble takes polish very nicely and it gives a wonderful sheen and luster to the floor.

5. Granite Floor.  Granite floor is the flooring for any rough and heavy traffic place like hospitals, airports, railway station, colleges, schools.  This is a hard natural stone.  Normally Granite is the only natural stone which is available pre polished when you buy.  Granite is a wonderful stone flooring for any heavy traffic area.  Even more important is that Granite Flooring is the best stone for stairs.

6. Kota stone floor. – This is a grey looking stone available in Kota Region of Rajasthan.  This stone can be polished and looks reasonably nice and decent.  This stone is considered to be economical as well as rough and tough for flooring.  The Kota Stone Flooring can be polished and waxed.

7. Sand stone floor. – Sand stone is also widely found in Rajasthan.  To create a different and elegant look of any space you can opt for Sand Stone Floor.  The Sand Stone is more used in walls and elevations.  Being a very porous stone this stone tend to absorb stains fast and is quite difficult to maintain.  If you can maintain this stone, the flooring may look great.

8. Ceramic Tiles. – The Ceramic Tiles are factory made flooring tiles.  The advantage of this flooring is that they are economical and are very easy to install and maintain.  The tiles are available in unlimited colours, shades and designs.  With the invent of digital printing technology you can find any design and texture on Ceramic Tile or for that matter any Tile.  You can get the tile digitally printed as well from various printing presses who have facility of printing on ceramic tiles.

9. Vitrified Tiles. – Similar to Ceramic Tiles, vitrified tiles are also machine made flooring material.  Vitrified Tiles are tougher than ceramic tiles and can be installed on heavy traffic areas.  There are many different variety of Vitrified Tiles available in the market.  We will take up the different types of Vitrified Tiles in some other blog.

10. Wooden Flooring – In Wooden Flooring many different options are available.  The basic wooden flooring is the Laminate Wooden Flooring.  This flooring is made up of HDF Core board as the major content which gives shape and dimension to the flooring plank.  On this core board the photo of some wooden texture and design is laminated and the laminated photo is protected through various means.  Other than Laminate Wooden Flooring other Wood Floors are Engineered Wooden Flooring and the Real Hard Wood Floor.  Laminate floor being the most convenient and economical floor, engineered wood floor and hard wood floor are premium floor and comes under exclusive option.

11. PVC Vinyl Flooring – PVC means Poly Vinyl Choliride a petroleum bi product.  PVC Flooring or Vinyl Flooring is a type of plastic floor which has multiple advantages and uses.  The economical range is available in very thin thickness  of less than 1.00mm, whereas the premium and heavy duty vinyl floorings are available in thicker options of 2.00 mm and above.  Vinyl Flooring has a very wide range and has got wonderful prints and designs.  Vinyl is used in homes and commercial spaces as well.

Read more about Vinyl Floor, please visit  the blog  What is Vinyl Flooring ?

12. Wall to wall carpet.- To give any place an elegant and soft look you need this flooring called Wall to Wall Carpet.  Ever visited any star hotel’s banquet or meeting halls.  You will find the place floored with Wall to Wall Carpet.  The Wall to Wall Carpet has many options and textures available.  The basic rough use carpet which is used in public functions is called Non Woven Carpet.  Beyond his there are loop pile carpet for rough uses.  The other one is cut pile premium thick carpets.  The latest entrant is the Carpet Tiles.  They are majorly used in Corporate Offices and are very rough and tough to use.  The nylon fiber carpet tiles can be used in heavy traffic areas like Airports as well.  If they can be used in such heavy traffic areas, you can easily use them in your homes and offices.

These are few flooring options which are common and used in homes and commercial establishments.  Other than these there are few others like Epoxy Floor, Cobels, Floor paints etc.

This ends our topic on – What are the different types of flooring options ?

Hope you enjoyed reading the article.  You may also be having few more flooring ideas.  Please do drop your comments in the comment sections.

To watch videos on such topics please visit our YouTube Channel – InteriorDost.

What is PVC Vinyl Flooring and its Pros & Cons?

What is PVC Vinyl Flooring and its Pros & Cons ?

PVC Flooring or Vinyl Flooring is a wonderful product for flooring. This flooring product has variety of uses and can be used in almost all places. The only difference is that you have to have the knowledge to understand the use of a particular quality of flooring.  Let us try to understand What is PVC Vinyl Flooring and its Pros & Cons ?

There are many types of Vinyl Flooring available in the market. Thinner the flooring material, cheaper it is. Cheaper it is, less life it has.  Also it will not look very good or impressive.  The above points are for the cheaper variant of Vinyl Flooring.  The reservations about Vinyl Flooring are due to the fact that many people who are not happy with the product have used cheaper variant of this wonderful product.

Generally the thickness available in Vinyl Floor are –

  • 0.50 to 0.75 mm
  • 1.0mm,
  • 1.2 to 1.3 mm,
  • 1.50mm,
  • 2.00mm, 3.00 mm.
  • Other speciality and sports floor are available in 4 mm and above thickness.

For extreme commercial and short term use thickness below 1.00mm is used or recommended.  For a slightly better result or light use residential applications 1.00mm to 1.30mm is good.

To immediately understand what is Vinyl Floor, please recall your recent train journey. The flooring is railway coaches is mostly vinyl. This is so because they are very strong, rough and tough and easy to clean.

Vinyl flooring is available for all types of applications like light use, medium use and even for heavy uses.

The light use vinyl are heterogeneous vinyl with print and design on top layer and the secondary layer is to give the thickness and dimensional stability to flooring product.

The heavy use vinyl which are used in  train coach, hospitals, factories and many such places homogeneous vinyl is preferred. In this type of vinyl flooring material the entire thickness of the floor is of the same material from top to bottom.  In this category also there are different quality and raw material standards.  We will discuss the different raw material of premium quality vinyl in some other article.

Another option available is that vinyl is available in roll or sheet form and tiles form. Tiles are easier to handle and install. Normally designer or residential flooring is available in tiles where as all commercial or heavy duty floors are available in rolls. But this is not the thumb rule.

Vinyl Flooring is looks beautiful wherever they are installed and are easy to clean, easy to install and easy to maintain, this material has many other beautiful feathers in its cap.

Let us try to understand other specialties of Vinyl Floor in different areas of uses:

1. Hospital – Easy to clean and anti skid floors.

2. Hospital – Anti Static or ESD Floors.

3. Industrial – ESD or anti static floor with proper additional ESD or Anti Static treatments.

4. Transport vehicle –  Vinyl Floors for Trains, Buses, Metros etc.

5. Educational Institutions floor- Elegant looks, Easy to Clean, Anti Skid and Protects from Accidental damage.

6. Sports floor – To protect from injury and joint jerks.

7. Hospitals, Operation Theaters, ICUs – Anti Bacterial Floor and Wall Vinyl.

Vinyl, PVC Flooring is a wonderful product which has lots of advantage and benefits. Of course this is a product of petroleum bi product which may have some cons attached to it but the pros or advantages overweight the cons or disadvantages.

The major advantages of Vinyl Flooring are:

  • Easy to install.
  • Easy to remove.
  • Easy to maintain.
  • Gives a cushion to the floor.
  • Makes the floor easy to clean.
  • Makes the floor anti skid/anti slip.
  • Makes the floor stain proof.
  • Easy to clean.
  • Easy to repair if Tile form of Vinyl Floor has been used.

What you would want from a flooring.  Vinyl gives you all possible advantage and flexibility for you.

This ends our article on What is PVC Vinyl Flooring and its Pros & Cons ?

Hope this article was of use to read.  If you have some inputs to this please do leave your comments in the comment section.

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Why does wooden flooring makes creaking sound ?

Wooden Flooring when installed sometimes make creaking sound. Why does wooden flooring makes creaking sound?

Why does wooden flooring makes creaking sound ?

This blog is not going to be very long because the reasons for the creaking sound in wooden flooring have very limited reasons.

Let us jot down all of them in points form, which we all love reading.  Following are the reasons Why does wooden flooring makes creaking sound ?

1. Uneven sub floor. –

When wooden flooring is installed on an uneven sub floor, the wooden floor makes the creaking sound. The wooden floor have normally  4ft long wood plank. Now suppose there is a depression or bump on the sub floor. As soon as you step on the area where there is depression on floor the planks will press deeper down. Due to this it makes the creaking sound.

If there is bump, here also, all-around the bump there is depression. When you step near the bump area, the wood floor will make the creaking sound.

Now let us get some butter from this.

How to solve this problem ? Mark and identify the area where the creaking sound comes. Remove the wood floor near and around that place. If there is depression fill the depressed area with POP or white cement. If this cannot be done add some extra underlay foam in that area. But harder material will be better. Try to cover the depression. Reinstall the floor. Done.

Now if you find a bump. Get a grinder and grind the bumpy spot and level the floor as much as possible. Reinstall the floor. Done.

2. Moisture under the wooden floor.

If there is moisture under the wood floor, the wooden floor planks will expand and locks will swell because your wooden floor has absorbed water or moisture. The deformed planks will make creaking noise.


Remove the wood floor. Identify the reason and source of water or moisture. Treat the reason of moisture so that this problem does not repeat. Till that time allow the wood floor planks to dry and regain it’s lost shape (if your flooring is of good quality). Put a polythene sheet on the floor, put the underlay leveling foam on the sub floor and reinstall the floor.

3. Improper installation.

Wooden flooring, be it laminate wooden floor, engineered wooden floor or hard wood floor has a tendency to responding to the temperature and humidity in the climate and air.

Wooden floor expands and contracts when weather changes. The main mistake is that sometimes the installer does not leave gaps all around your floor. Due to this when the floor planks expands and they do not have space to expand, the floor gets deformed and planks of the wooden floor gives bumps and unevenness. This deformed or expanded floor makes the creaking sound.


Remove the floor, create a gap of minimum half inch all around the periphery of the walls and reinstall the floor. Done.

Sometimes the planks may be wrapped or in deformed shape. This is another reason for the creaking sound. Here the product is defective which needs to be changed.

These are the major three reasons why does wooden flooring makes creaking sound ?  Also provided are possible solutions to each of the problem and reasons why does wooden flooring makes creaking sound.  We can say how to solve the problem of wooden flooring making creaking sound.

Hope this article was helpful to you.  If you like the article consider sharing the link of this article with your friends.  If you have some additional inputs to this please do leave in the comment section.

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